What is Bronchitis? How Are the Symptoms and Treatment?
Bronchitis is a type of infectious disease caused by inflammation of the bronchi that connect the windpipe with the lungs. It is an ailment that often happens, usually in the winter months . In addition to the symptoms of a cold, bronchitis also brings with it such negative october as wheezing, coughing, causing a heavier-than-usual cold. Treatment should be started immediately after the diagnosis is made. If it is not treated well, it can cause pneumonia.
Symptoms of bronchitis;
- Persistent cough
- High fever
- Respiratory distress shortness of breath
- A feeling of tightness in the rib cage
Should I be Afraid of Asthma During Pregnancy?
Allergies and asthma are among the most common diseases during pregnancy. Uncontrolled asthma and allergies negatively affect the development of the baby, while increasing the risk of miscarriage. Asthma under good control significantly reduces the likelihood of problems with both the expectant mother and the baby. Smoking, air pollution, house dust, mold, pollen, pet food and stress during pregnancy are among the most important factors that trigger asthma. During pregnancy, it is important to spend time in areas with plenty of oxygen. A good treatment is very important during the gestation period.
What is Tuberculosis Disease, What Are Its Symptoms?
TUE disease, that is, pulmonary tuberculosis, is caused by bacteria that spread from person to person through microscopic droplets released into the air. Signs and symptoms of active TB disease for more than three weeks ongoing symptoms; cough, coughing up blood, chest pain, pain while breathing, cough, pain, fatigue, fever, night sweats, tremors, loss of appetite, unintentional weight loss.
In order for a person with tue to become infected, it is enough for him to inhale only a few of the released microbes. Although tuberculosis is contagious, it is not an easily spread disease. It is difficult to get tuberculosis from a stranger, it is more often passed from one person who lives together to another. When a person develops active TB disease, the signs and symptoms of the disease, such as coughing, fever, night sweats, or weight loss, can only be mild for months.The disease can be fatal if the patient with TB does not have a good immune system or if the TB patient does not complete his regular treatment.
What is Diabetes (Diabetes), What Are Its Symptoms ?
Diabetes Mellitus (DEC), popularly known as diabetes mellitus, is a chronic disease that occurs as a result of the inability of the body to use carbohydrates, fats and proteins due to insulin deficiency, which occurs with high blood sugar, which is continuous.If the symptoms are:
- Polyuria (frequent urination)
- Polydipsia (drinking a lot of water)
- Polyphagia ( overeating) or lack of appetite
- Weakness, rapid fatigue
- Dry mouth
- Blurred vision
- Unexplained weight loss in a short time
- Wounds that do not pass
- Recurrent fungal infections
What is Hypoglycemia, What are its Symptoms?
Hypoglycemia is when the blood glucose level drops below 50mg/dl. But, in patients undergoing diabetes treatment, their blood sugar may drop below 70-80 mg/dl, and even in people with very high blood sugar values, there may be signs of hypoglycemia well above these values.
Symptoms of hypoglycemia ;
- Cold sweating
- Don't be hungry
- Impaired concentration
- Difficulty speaking
What Is the Cause Or Causes of Hypoglycemia?
- Making too much insulin
- Using too much sugar-lowering medication
- Taking medications at the wrong time
- Excessive exercise
- Extremely hot weather
- The onset of menstrual bleeding in women
What is Hypertension ? What Are the Symptoms ?
Hypertension is a condition where blood pressure is higher than normal. In the adult age group, we consider blood pressure to be 140/90 mmHg and above to be Hypertension. Currently, normal blood pressure is considered to be 120/80 mmHg and below. It is considered prehypertension between 120-139/80-89 mm Dec.In those with diabetes mellitus or impaired renal function, the maximum recommended blood pressure level is 130-135/80-85 mmHg pressure.
- Headache, especially yawning in the morning
- Darkening in the eyes or visual impairment
- Nausea or vomiting
- Palpitations,rhythm disturbance
- Don't get tired quickly
- Swelling of the feet
- Weakness or exhaustion
- Shortness of breath
- Some patients may also have no symptoms.
What is Asthma, What Are its Symptoms?
Asthma affects the respiratory tract by various pathogens(microbes, fungi, mold, mites, dust, pollen, smoke, polluted air, etc.) is a chronic(long-term) lung disease that is reversible by narrowing or obstructing it and is genetically transitive.
If the symptoms are;dry cough, wheezing, shortness of breath occurs. In some patients, there are only episodes of shortness of breath, while in some patients there is only a dry cough. Asthma disease can be controlled with good treatment. The most important and first rule of asthma treatment is to stay away from allergens and to let the patient know about the disease.
What are the Symptoms of COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)?
COPD is a group of diseases that includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis.Shortness of breath leads to complaints such as coughing, expectoration, chest congestion, wheezing, and bruising. But these complaints begin suddenly, last a short time, come and go temporarily, and do not last for months, years, and gradually increase in course. The biggest risk factor for COPD is the use of cigarettes and tobacco products. Passive exposure to cigarettes also contributes to respiratory symptoms and the development of COPD. COPD disease is grouped into mild, moderate, and severe COPD disease. In patients with mild COPD; there is a cough and sputum. Breathing may become a little tight when doing heavy work or walking fast. In moderate COPD disease, the severity of cough, sputum and shortness of breath is slightly increased. It is difficult when doing a heavy job or doing everyday chores. When a cold or lung infection occurs, it takes time to recover. In severe COPD, there is constant shortness of breath. Cough and sputum can be observed very often. Late recovery from infection and daily work at home become impossible. It becomes impossible to climb the stairs or walk even inside the room. Patients get tired very quickly, and in the process they may even receive inpatient treatment in the hospital.
Verem Hastalığı Riski Kimlerde Daha Yüksektir?
Aşırı alkol kullanımı ve tütün kullanımı bağışıklık sistemini zayıflattığı için, verem hastalığına yakalanmak ve bu hastalığın yarattığı komplikasyonlardan dolayı ölümle sonuçlanabilir. Sağlıklı bir bağışıklık sistemi normalde verem hastalığı bakterileriyle başarılı bir şekilde savaşır. Bireyin bağışıklık direnci düşükse vücut etkili bir savunma kuramaz.
Ağır beslenme bozukluğu, düşük vücut ağırlığı, düzenli tedavi almamış eski tüberküloz hastaları, vücut direncini düşüren hastalıklar( şeker, kronik böbrek hastallığı, kanser vs... ) Bunun için de veremli hastaların erkenden bulunarak tamamiyle tedavi edilmesi, Göğüs hastalıkları Uzmanlarının birinci önceliğidir. Tüberkülozun erken tanısı için de özellikle 3 haftadan uzun süren öksürüğü olan kişilerin, en kısa sürede Göğüs Hastalıkları polikliniğine ve ya Verem Savaşı Dispanserine başvurmaları önemlidir.
What is the Normal Level of Blood Sugar ? What Value Is Considered Diabetes Mellitus ?
Currently, the ideal blood sugar in an adult man and woman is considered to be 60-100 mg/dl at hunger. This value is generally dec to be between 60-110 mg/dl.
The fasting blood glucose value, the 8-hour fast is performed after a measurement of 126 mg/dL or random blood glucose measurement at any time of day 200 mg/dL above these values indicates that the person is diabetic.
Is Hypoglycemia Important? What Should I Do If It Happens?
Hypoglycemia is one of the most important issues to be considered in the treatment of Diabetes Mellitus. Late adherence to hypoglycemia therapy can lead to loss of consciousness and even death. It is dangerous due to the fact that it is an insidious and uncontrollable disease, and it is necessary to be on the alert at any time.
When there are signs of hypoglycemia, it should be eaten or drunk immediately, such as fruit juice,sugar or sweetened water, dried grapes. If a person is unconscious, they should not try to eat or drink anything. Even if it is a patient using Insulin, a glucation injection should be performed.
What is Anemia (Anemia), What are its Symptoms?
It is a condition where the number of healthy red blood cells that will carry the oxygen (O₂) needed by the body's tissues is insufficient. The level of hgb in women is 12 g/dl, and the level of hgb in men is below 13 g/dl.The main symptoms are;
- Pallor of skin color
- Disturbance of the heart rhythm
- Shortness of breath
- A feeling of dizziness and fainting
- Chest discomfort
- Darkening of the eye
- Restless legs syndrome
- Cracks on the lips
- Nail breakage
- Hair loss
What Are the Causes of Hypertension?
- Consuming too salty foods
- Genetic factors
- Diabetes Mellitus
- High cholesterol
- Insufficient physical activity
- Diseases of the thyroid gland
- Kidney diseases
- Diseases of the adrenal gland
- Birth control pills
- Some painkillers
- Consumption of foods poor in Potassium and Calcium
- Excessive alcohol consumption
- Sleep apnea
- Excessive consumption of certain substances, such as cigarettes, coffee,tea